The project’s holistic approach considers an integrated view on resilience assessment, addressing a broad variety of issues including human factors, security, geo-politics, sociology, economy etc., and increased vulnerability due to changing threats. This holistic approach :
- Is focused and driven by the case studies tackling a variety of critical infrastructures
- Implemets integrative resilience assessment before an event/crisis and after as well as all three resilience types: Structural, Integrative, Transformative/ Adaptive
Considers “Smart Resilience indicators” built upon:
- indicators accepted in the related areas, e.g. proposed by OECD, GRI, API and other organisations
- New indicators proposed by experts in the project
- New indicators delivered out of Big and Open Data
- Combines all the above in a new, coherent Smart Resilience methodology and tools to be facilitate the resilience of infrastructures (to identify and define the indicators and determine their values).
The indicators characterizing the threats and the smart critical infrastructures (SCIs), respectively, are brought up together within the scenario. The indicators can be supervised or unsupervised, lagging or leading, basic (level 1) or more sophisticated (levels 2, 3…), can include conventional sources or Big Data, etc.
- The collected set of indicators is then “checked”, in order to be sure that the whole resilience assessment process is well covered; the indicators are then ordered within the resilience matrix. The matrix looks at the 4 phases of the resilience cycle (prepare, absorb, recover, adapt) and 4 types of indicators (physical, information, cognitive, social).
- The Resilience CUBE is, then, used to “measure” the resilience along the three dimensions of the Cube: resilience matrix, “smartness” and complexity (“the levels”).
- When the set is considered/accepted as representative, the dynamic/smart resilience assessment check-list can be created and used for the assessment of the respective SCI (e.g. water, energy, smart city, …).