SCIs and their scenarios are key element of the project, selected to demonstrate how the project tools and methodologies can be applied to various infrastructures located in 8 European countries and considering different kinds of threats. One integrative scenario covers the European landscape.

These scenarios will be studied focusing on those threats that are considered to have the strongest possible impact on the respective SCI. A common assessment framework will be defined for all case studies, to ensure that all attributes of resilience will be considered and to derive a common structure of results.

The following case studies will be developed:


  • City/country: Edinburgh/UK
  • Infrastructure: Financial Systems/Hot Spots
  • Objective: Assessing resilience of critical financial infrastructure
  • SCI-specific events: Disturbed information flow, disabling/manipulating IT and communication systems, attacks on the “physical layer” (e.g. High-Power Electromagnetics (HPEM) and Intentional Electromagnetic Interference (IEMI) threats) and on the software layer


  • Country: Sweden
  • Infrastructure: Water distribution network
  • Objective: Assessing resilience of drinking water distribution netwrok in Swedish cities
  • SCI-specific events: Climate threats, ICT challenges, security issues and human error


  • City/country: Heidelberg/Germany
  • Infrastructure: Smart cities
  • Objective: Assessing resilience of a future-oriented and sustainable community (smart city, energy)
  • SCI-specific events: Disruption of energy supply caused by natural hazards, e.g. flooding


  • City/country: Cork/ Ireland
  • Infrastructure: City of Cork critical infrastructures.
  • Objective: Use of indicators and technologies developed and lessons learned to assess resilience of critical infrastructure to tidal and fluvial flooding events
  • SCI-specific events: Fluvial urban flooding, tidal flooding


  • Country: Austria
  • Infrastructure: Healthcare Institutions
  • Objective: Assessing resilience of Austrian cities’ health care system
  • SCI-specific events: Terrorist attacks, disease epidemics.


  • City/country: Helsinki/ Finland
  • Infrastructure: Underground storage for energy feedstock
  • Objective: Resilience of the energy infrastructure (city environment) from underground coal storage flooding.
  • SCI-specific events: Severe disruptive flooding or self-heating and spontaneous combustion


  • City/country: Budapest/Hungary
  • Infrastructure: Airports
  • Objective: Assessing resilience of large embedded transportation infrastructure (airport)
  • SCI-specific events: Blocked traffic, passenger and airplane traffic exceeding capacity.


  • Continent: Europe
  • Infrastructure: All infrastructures of use cases ALPHA-GOLF
  • Objective: Testing of cascading and ripple effects on combined scenarios of resilience and indicators assuming a man‐made industrial disaster (Tainted Flood)
  • SCI-specific events: Man‐made disaster at the large industrial zone, release of toxic liquids, spreading of smoke, causing cascading effects to all other Case Study SCIs.


  • City/country: Pancevo/ Serbia
  • Infrastructure: Large industrial zones
  • Objective: Assessing resilience of the city in a large industrial zone (production facility / supply chain)
  • SCI-specific events: Technological accidents within a refinery complex, accidents caused by natural hazards affecting the land property outside the main refinery complex.